From Bangladesh – Microfinance programs (not actually invented by Prof Yunus, but pioneered by his Grameen Bank as an effective tool in development).
From Curitiba, Brazil – Bus Rapid Transit Systems (see Curitiba transportation on Appropedia)
From Brazil & Mexico – Conditional Cash Transfer* programs, using welfare as an incentive to encourage specific actions to reduce poverty, e.g. in health and education (see the Wikipedia article).
From Colombia – “Cicolovía,” car-free streets for biking, walking, and other activities, on specific days or .
From Cuba – Alphabetization program for literacy,* “Yo Sí Puedo”
From Kenya – using SMS and the web to improve crisis response, pioneered by Ushahidi. (See Mobile phones in development and disaster management.)
And the additional example:
From Bangladesh, again – Oral rehydration therapy.
Do you have other examples? Please leave a comment.
*These pages are stubs on Appropedia, which means they’re very brief and need to be expanded. Can you add a sentence, a paragraph, or a high quality link?